Educational Field Trips, IBDP Trips, The Tribes of Sikkim

The Limboo Tribe of Sikkim – A study under Enviro Trips initiative


The Limboo individuals otherwise called Subba, Yakthungba, Limboo and Tshong of Sikkim are the ethnic minority ancestral network who have their unmistakable way of life as one of the indigenous tenants of Sikkim having own content, culture, nourishment propensities, clothing, traditions, conventions, religion and dialect which are not precisely comparable with regards to whatever is left of the Nepali people group.

Verifiably, the Limboos of Sikkim alongside the Lepchas and Bhutias have acknowledged and blessed “Phuntsog Namgyal” as the principal religious lord of Sikkim at Yuksom in 1642, and “Sikkim” was named by Limboo People. The specific name of Sikkim started from the two wonderful Limboo words “Suhim” signifying “New House”. Tibetan Sources considered as Bhutias, Lepchas and Limboos to be the first races of the Chogyal Kingdom. Around 1819, The Limboos were 20% Bhutias 30 % and the Lepchas containing half of all Sikkimese.

The Limboos Frequently intermarried with the Lepchas as of now there was clearly no apparent nepali Population Present. The Historical understanding of the “Lho-Men-Tshong-Sum” were the Bhutias (Lhoree) was to thought to be a dad Lepcha (Menree) a mother and Limboo (Tsongree) a child, who occupied Sikkim at Chogyals period were the first occupants of Sikkim, before the initiation of Chogyal was made and assention under Budhist Mythology separated from station, Clan and religion the Strongest connections were the assessments of Blood ties.

Through this chronicled gathering called “Lho-Men-Tshong-Sum” the kingdom of Sikkim was to be ruled. They all similarly must be spoken to in the board. They shouldn’t battle among themselves. On the off chance that one clan considers sick different clans the offender was to be vexed by the guarantee. The simple motivation behind gathering behind this understanding was to build up family co-task and solidify solidarity with regards to their country “Sikkim”.

It was the powers of those three networks which battled valiantly in 1788 war against Gorkha intrusion in Sikkim  and in 1880s the British Indian Company assaulted and caught most parts of West Sikkim. Numerous Limboos have yielded their lives, battled war mutually with Bhutias and Lepchas for the barrier of Sikkim made Limboos solid Historical hold profoundly into the dirt of Sikkim. Be that as it may, because of the uneven strategy of political pioneers, controls and egotistical, the Limboo people group was discouraged in social, political, instructive and different fields being the first occupants of Sikkim.  Since the minority limboo individuals of Sikkim are unequivocally requesting their different seat reservation in the Sikkim Legislative gathering under the article 371 (f) with uncommon arrangement of local   assurance and incorporation of Limboo in the income demonstration no.! of 1917 at part with Bhutias and Lepchas Tribe.

Sikkimese Limboos are neither a Nepali by ethnicity and indigeneity nor Hindus or Buddhist by religion. The Limboo speaks Limboo Language and use Limboo Script. The Lepcha and Limboo scripts were descended from Sino-Tibetian Burman Languages of Central Himalayas to possess their own written Scripts. The Supreme deity of Limboo is “Tagera Ningwaphuma” God.  The deity “Yuma” literally goddess “Grandmother” or “Mother Earth” is the most important and popular among the Limboos and is named “Yumaism”. They have their own religious priest called Phedangba, Samba, Yeaba (male) and Yeama (Female) and of animist. Burning of “Sangsing” insence to offer prayers using Artemisia, ginger, evergreen grass cyndrondactylon, Banana Leaves, cane- Bamboo and butter lamp are sacred and religious significance. Traditionally, the Limboo burry their death body at “Chey-Yan” meaning Graveyard.

The Worshipping place of Limboo’s  is called “Mangkhim” nature worshipping is the main principle of Limboo tribe. They believed that limboo script was blessed, trained and awarded by god “Tagera Ningwaphuma” to Sirijunga at Himalaya called Phaktanglungma after a long meditation. It is the valley where the western arm of Kanchanjunga range ends in phenomenal architecture of Mount Kumbakarna (Jannu), to which the limboo refer as Phoktanglungma. The faith of Limboos is sustained in the holy scriptures-mundhums “Power of great strength” and is the legacy of heritage for the limboos because it records all stories and beliefs of the people passed down orally from generation to generation and recited by religious priests.

The Limboo believe that the earth is infused with spiritual energy. They strongly believe in nature god and Mt. Kanchanjunga is called Sewalungma “which means mountain that we offer greetings to”. Each Limboo household honours a supreme god Tagera Ningwapuma, mountain and river deities annually by their religious leaders Shamba and Phedangbas. They retain their great respect and greetings for the Himalayas, wild animals and birds from polluting and killing activities. They fear it will anger the owner ‘god’ and care taker for mountain and wild animals ‘Toksongba’ a popularly known as ‘YETI’, although they have accepted hunting as a way of life, Limboo always offer prayer to ‘toksongba’ as a god of the hunt and other along with erecting stone pillar to mark the place holy and symbolically Mt.Kanchanjunga half yearly and one at annually as prestige  shrine “Mangena Lung” by sambas and Yebas.

For the limboos, the Kanchanjunga range commands an imposing presence and the limboos locate almost all important events in their myths and legends on this peaks starting with their creation of the human race, the Limboo tribe to be more precise. The Limboo’s are the autochthons of Sikkim along with Lepchas. The most domain area are the western part of Sikkim as “Limboo Homeland” in Sikkim flanking both sides of Kanchanjunga and scattered in all three districts of Sikkim.

Animal deity has an important religious significance in limboo tribe. They Have a deity associated with Tiger ‘Keyba Sammang’ Serpent ‘Osek Sammang’ Monkey ‘Saba Sammang’ and Hawk ‘Muya Sammang’ also known as ‘guardian deities ‘ of animal spirits occupies central part of limboo rituals. Thus some animals to be sacred to particular deities. The notable ethnic limboo festivals are sisekpa Tongnam, Chasok Tongnam, Kokphekwa Tongnam, Sirijunga Sawan Tongnam and Imansing Chemjong Sawan Tongnam are celebrated with folk musical instruments called KAY ‘Chyabrung’ a traditional drum and traditional group dance ‘Yarak’ is famous performed in marriage and festival celebrations.

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